Nursery – Grade 5
What is the Primary Years Programme?
The IB Primary Years Programme (PYP) is for students aged 3 to 12. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the classroom and in the world outside. At the heart of the programme’s philosophy is a commitment to structured, purposeful inquiry as the leading vehicle for learning.
The most significant and distinctive feature of the PYP is the way the learning experiences are organized into six transdisciplinary themes.
These themes are about issues that have meaning for, and are important to, all of us. The six themes of global significance create a transdisciplinary framework that allows students to think beyond the confines of learning within traditional subject areas. These themes are:
The six transdisciplinary themes help teachers to develop a series of investigations into important ideas, identified by the teachers, and requiring a high level of involvement on the part of the students. These units of inquiry are substantial, in-depth and usually last for six weeks. Students will inquire into each of the six themes over the course of the year. The exception is the very youngest students, who inquire into four of the themes. All of these inquiries form our Programme of Inquiry which you will find on this website, or on display in the primary school.
Where do traditional subjects fit in?
The programme can be illustrated by a circle with the six transdisciplinary themes surrounding six subject areas:
The transdisciplinary themes and subject areas outlined above form the knowledge element of the programme. Teachers in our school use the PYP scope and sequence documents as well as the AIA Curriculum documents for each of these subject areas to set learning targets and to help measure student progress.
Assessment is an important part of each unit of inquiry as it both enhances learning and provides opportunities for students to reflect on what they know, understand and can do. The teacher’s feedback to the students provides the guidance, the tools and the incentive for them to become more competent, more skillful and better at understanding how to learn. Students and peers are also involved at times in assessing their work and reflecting on their learning.
For more information, you can access the International Baccalaureate Organization website here. Or contact the AIA PYP Coordinator here.
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